APA Style Guide

APA style is most frequently used in the social sciences. It is designed for reporting the results of original research, but is also used for other types of research in many disciplines.


In APA style the references are listed at the end of the paper. Only list sources that you have actually referred to in the text of the paper.

Quick Tips for APA References List

This document will give you a few quick tips for assembling your references list following the APA style guide. These instructions are not comprehensive. For more complete information, consult the websites listed further down this page.

In-Text (Parenthetical) Documentation

In-text parenthetical documentation is embedded within the text of the paper. Parenthetical references give the source for ideas that you have summarized, paraphrased or quoted. These resources must also appear on your references page at the end of the paper.

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